How to Build a Fitness App in 8 Easy Steps using ARKit

AR can bridge gap between the physical and virtual world for the fitness enthusiasts. Read the blog to know how to build a fitness app using ARkit.

August 4, 2020
7 mins read
Last Updated November 11, 2022
Fitness app using AR

How to Build a Fitness App in 8 Easy Steps using ARKit

An AR based fitness app with a 360-degree 3D modelling can boost the entire workout experience. The interaction with the physical world can immensely bring virtuality and reality closer with real-time generated data. In 2023, the AR industry is expected to see a valuation of $18 billion due to the growing number of mobile AR users and popularity of AR headsets. This has hoisted up the chances for healthcare tech products and vendors to capture the market potential like never before.

Still wondering what does it mean to develop a AR enabled fitness app?

Renowned brands and vendors are thrilled with this industry demand and the opportunity which has arisen to encourage them to create and craft super cool AR-enabled and compatible accessories with wireless ability. Here are a few famous names: Adidas, Apple, Fitbit, Garmin, Jawbone, Nike, Samsung, Sony, AT&T. Furthermore, this encouraged adoption in not only gaming but also fashion, education, healthcare, and entertainment too.

If you already know the advantages of AR and are actively looking for developing an AR-enabled fitness app, you can directly consult us regarding building an app.

Why do you Need AR to Boost Your Fitness App?

With fitness enthusiasts opting for home workouts over gyms, the Health and Fitness app category has seen a tremendous growth of over 330%. This has raised the bar for app developers to build training experiences that are not only seamless but also interactive. Needless to say, to have a competitive edge, you’ve got to step up your game.

Here’s when Augmented Reality comes into the picture! What makes this technology worth an integration is its ability to bring virtual fitness guidance to life, allowing users to visualize their exercises accurately. Additionally, personalized graphical representations of fitness goals, calorie consumption, and progress monitors work as boosters to motivate users to stay on track and achieve desired results.

Here are a few top-rated fitness apps that have been supporting fitness geeks through their fitness journeys over the years.

1) Nike Training Club – Workouts & Fitness Plans – a Nike product with over 50,000,000+ downloads has been in buzz only in the recent few years yet has captured good user loyalty.
2) Fitness app by Skimble – Workout Trainer: fitness coach with over 20,000,000+ downloads in recent years has been in the spotlight for many fitness experts who have been looking forward to developing an advanced version of similar apps.
3) JEFIT Workout Tracker, Weight Lifting, Gym Log App – with over 70,000,000+ downloads and offering so much more with trainers interactions to elite clubs and so on serving and playing an integral role in many users’ fitness goals. Nevertheless, if with technology advancement like prototyped here fitness apps can work wonders with AR feature.

How an AR driven Fitness App can Help your Users Achieve Fitness Goals?

One of the most significant benefits of AR is: it breaks through communication barriers. This powers your app with interactivity and visualization, which further enables you to effortlessly offer guidance on postures and minimize the chances of injuries.

Furthermore, if your goal is to create a personalized experience for your users, AR allows you to trigger the three critical sides of human behavior: desire, knowledge, and emotion.

You may find it incredibly difficult to hold a user’s attention if your app does not stimulate their minds. The AR 3D model solves this challenge by giving users a 360-degree view of exercises. This, in turn, gives them a better perspective of their workouts and draws their attention to the right muscles.

What’s more, this technology has a way with presenting detailed and complex data analytics. AR helps you connect with your users on a deeper level with graphical representations of fitness goals, calorie consumption, heart rate, and progress monitors alike. It works as a booster to motivate users to stay on track and achieve desired results.

What are your Immediate Challenges of Building a Fitness App?

We just read how AR comes with a bundle of features. In this section we will briefly discuss the most prevalent challenges that you will come across while developing a fitness app with AR.

With a surge in the use of fitness variables, it can be challenging to develop an application that’s compatible with all electronic devices. Chances are you could either miss the mark of successfully integrating the 360-degree exercise view or tracking accurate body movements.

Implementing the UI/UX design as per industry and technology best practices is a huge challenge. It can be daunting to design navigations for multiple platforms and screens, all while maintaining the consistency of your interface. Another tough one is to have a frontend and backend development team with a foresight for building scalable and high performing applications. Having an industry expert who has accomplished many similar projects is very important.

Now that you have understood the significance of AR for your fitness app and the challenges, let’s dig into the tech side of how to build a fitness app using ARKit.

What are your Prerequisites?

To build an iOS fitness mobile application with an AR, you will need some prerequisites such as the iPhone 6s or above and Xcode 11 or above. It will be helpful to familiarize yourself with all the functionalities and fundamentals of ARKit 3. This iOS fitness AR app cannot be tested on a regular iOS simulator; you will have to test it on a real device with A9 chip and up which runs on iOS 11 and above.

Importance of 3D Mathematics in the AR based Fitness App

3D mathematics starts with a matrix. It is a rectangular array of numbers, symbols, or expressions, arranged in rows and columns. The size of a matrix is defined by the number of rows and columns that it contains. A matrix with m rows and n columns is called an m × n matrix or m-by-n matrix, while m and n are called its dimensions.

3D-Matrix ARkit

The importance of matrices especially in 3D is that you can create a transform matrix with rotation, scaling and translation information and multiply it by another matrix with different information. This results in a new position in 3D space relative to the original position.

When using ARKit, you have three options to create your AR world:

  • SceneKit, to render 3D overlay content
  • SpriteKit, to render 2D overlay content
  • Metal, to build your own view for an AR experience

To build an AR based fitness app we will be using SceneKit to render 3D scenes. We can easily add physical simulation, animations, effects. SceneKit combines a high-performance rendering engine with a descriptive API to render a 3D scene. 

Unlike Metal and OpenGL which requires a detailed algorithm to render the scenes in view, SceneKit only requires the description of our scene like lighting, the position of a scene, etc. Following are the Important classes in SceneKit which may come into picture when we implementing ARKit

  • SCNScene: Its view hierarchy is like a camera node, light node, etc…
  • SCNView: A view for displaying 3D SceneKit content.
  • SCNNode: A Structured element of the scene graph to represent the position and transform in 3D space.

What is ARSession?

ARSession coordinates processes with ARKit on your behalf to create an AR experience. The process in ARSession includes reading and detecting data from the motion sensors of the hardware. It also controls devices with a built-in camera, which captures and analyses images. The ARSession synthesizes all results corresponding between the real-world, and the device inhabits virtual space where you model out the AR content.

AR session for fitness app

3D models

Our ARKit application will be using SceneKit for its rendering. SceneKit is the native 3D rendering engine for iOS, with direct hooks into ARKit.

There are a few native formats available in SceneKit that we can use to load 3D models, but we will be concentrating on the Collada Digital Asset Exchange, or DAE, format. The DAE format allows us to have multiple objects in the scene file, including cameras and lights as well as any geometry.

Let’s understand how SceneKit view works (3D view) 

The ARKit is for your visual tracking support with this particular feature. A beautiful blend of visual trigger techniques has shown convincing results with AR experience. However, with ARKit, successful integration of visual tracking with sensor data can provide 3D spatial mapping with quite an impressive accuracy.

  • The view automatically renders the live video feed from the device camera as the scene background.
  • The world coordinate system of the view’s SceneKit scene directly responds to the AR world coordinate system established by the session configuration.
  • The view automatically moves its SceneKit camera to match the real-world movement of the device.

Because ARKit automatically matches SceneKit space to the real world, placing a virtual object such that it appears to maintain a real-world position only requires setting that object’s SceneKit position appropriately.

You don’t necessarily need to use the ARAnchor class to track the positions of objects you add to the scene. Still, by implementing ARSCNViewDelegate methods, you can add SceneKit content to any anchors that are automatically detected by ARKit.

Let’s Build a Fitness App: 

Steps to develop a fitness app using the ARKit

Step 1: Start a new single view app in XCode by selecting Create a new Xcode project > Augmented Reality App. Click ‘Next’:

New Xcode project

Step 2: Name your project (e.g WorkoutDemo), organization name, identifier. Make sure the language is set to Swift and Content Technology to SceneKit. Press ‘Next’ to finish creating your project:

Make fitness app Demo

Step 3: Allow for camera usage by opening the Info.plist file and adding a new row with the key ‘Privacy – Camera Usage Description’ and a descriptive value like ‘Augmented Reality Purposes’:

Step 4: Let’s clean up the code a little bit. Because we chose the Augmented Reality App as our template, there’s some code which we don’t need. You can delete the art.scnassets folder in the project navigator and code related to it from viewDidLoad() method.

Step 5: Download 3D workout models from Mixamo.

Insert 3D model

Step 6: Extract zip file and add .dae and textures files into Xcode.

Extract file into Xcode

Step 7: By clicking on the 3D model you can preview in Xcode also you can change property from material inspector.

3D model preview in Xcode

Step 8: Now, you are good to start with development. Refer Simform the demo here

When you run the app, you’ll be asked for camera permission.

Voila! Your very own AR Fitness app integration and configuration is now ready.

How does this AR Fitness App Work exactly?

– Select a specific workout from different workout routines, like push-ups, warming up, burpee and many more.

Workout list fitness app

Place your camera towards a plane surface. Maintain a little bit of movement of mobile (A new feature introduced in ARKit 3 – ARCoachingOverlayView) to place the model correctly over to the surface.

Detecting surface ARkit

– Your personal trainer will appear with a selected workout routine with people occlusion feature. Occlusion means that virtual objects can be hidden or ‘occluded’ by real-world objects). You can control the speed of 3D workout animation of full-body exercise. You can even pause anytime workout to explore the exact position from any angle. You can rotate the camera around the model and you will get a 360° view of a posture/workout.

Here’s a sneak peek to how exactly the workout is performed.


Key Takeaway

AR based fitness applications are a revolutionary step for the health and fitness industry. Its 3D view capability in fitness and workout apps gives your users a virtual personal trainer. However, at the same time, the development of these projects is quite challenging. They often require both domain knowledge and technical expertise.

Simform’s tech experts have built many such projects in the fitness industry, extending their expertise with the right technology and team to accomplish business goals. iHealth is one such app that provides clinically validated health monitoring and fitness coaching solutions. Fitcom is a SaaS platform, where fitness studios can build custom iOS and Android native apps adding curated workouts and nutrition plans for their customers.

In both apps, we have created a deeper engagement which ultimately uplifted the entire user experience throughout the fitness app—incorporating the latest technology with a team of experts enhancing overall app capabilities.

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Working from last 10+ years into consumer and enterprise mobility, Hardik leads large scale mobility programs covering platforms, solutions, governance, standardization and best practices.

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